Future Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Future Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Future Tense memiliki beberapa jenis sama halnya dengan jenis tenses yang lain, yaitu Simple Future Tense, Future Continuous Tense, Future Perfect Tense, dan Future Perfect Continuous Tense. Sebelumnya kita telah membahas mengenai Future Continuous Tense, kali ini kita akan membahas jenis lainnya. Berikut ini adalah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Future Perfect Tense.

Pengertian dan Fungsi Future Perfect Tense

1) Future Perfect Tense adalah tense yang berfungsi untuk menyatakan suatu aksi atau aktivitas yang akan telah selesai dikerjakan pada masa yang akan datang (masa depan).

Pola Kalimat:

(+) Subject + will + have + Verb 3
(-) Subject + will + have + not + Verb 3
(?) Will + Subject + have + Verb 3

Contoh Kalimat:
(+) I will have found a good job by the end of this month.
(Saya akan telah menemukan sebuah pekerjaan yang baik di akhir bulan ini)
(-) She will not have gone anywhere by the end of this week.
(Dia tidak akan telah pergi kemana – mana pada akhir pekan ini)
(?) Will we have graduated from this university in this year?
(Akankah kita akan telah lulus dari universitas ini pada tahun ini?)

2) Selain pola kalimat di atas yang merupakan kalimat verbal, terdapat juga pola kalimat untuk kalimat nominal sebagai berikut:

(+) Subject + will + have + been + noun/ adjective/ adverb
(-) Subject + will + not + have + been + noun/ adjective/ adverb
(?) Will + subject + have + been + noun/ adjective/ adverb + ?

Baca Juga:   Pengertian dan Contoh Paragraf Proses

Contoh Kalimat:
(+) I will have been a manager next year.
(Saya akan sudah menjadi seorang manajer tahun depan)
(-) They will not have been at school this evening.
(Mereka akan sudah tidak berada di sekolah sore ini)
(?) Will you have been busy at the end of this week?
(Apakah kamu akan sudah sibuk akhir pekan ini?)

3) Future Perfect Tense juga dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan telah selesai atau akan terjadi sebelum sesuatu atau aktivitas lain terjadi di masa yang akan datang (masa depan).

Contoh Kalimat:
• I will have cooked for dinner by the time you arrive home.
(Saya akan telah memasak makan malam saat kamu sampai di rumah)
• Before you come, they will not have watched the movie.
(Sebelum kamu datang, mereka tidak akan telah menonton filmnya)
• Will we have gone to Australia by the time the girl comes here?
(Akankah kita sudah pergi ke Australia saat perempuan tersebut datang ke sini?)

4) Terdapat beberapa keterangan waktu yang biasa di pakai dalam kalimat Future Perfect Tense sebagai berikut:

By the time : Saat
By the end of … : Pada akhir …
For : Selama
Next month : Bulan depan
Next year : Tahun depan
Tonight : Malam ini
Tomorrow : Besok
This afternoon : Siang ini
This evening : Sore ini
By next year : Menjelang tahun depan
By next month : Menjelang bulan depan

Baca Juga:   Definisi Fermentasi Dan Penjelasan Lengkapnya

Soal:

I. Suppose you and your friends are planning for the activities you are going to do in France on your long holiday. Change the verb in brackets into Future Perfect Tense.

Example:
The places in Paris are very pretty. I will have taken (take) many pictures there.

1. The Eiffel Tower is so beautiful at night. We ………………….. (visit) by the day we arrive there.
2. France has a special famous food. We …………………….. (taste) baguette by the next day.
3. French is a unique language. We ………………………. (learn) it before we arrive in France.
4. It will be winter when we come in France. People there ………………………. (put) on their jacket by the beginning of winter.
5. This is the first time we are going to visit France. We …………………………. (buy) some souvenirs for our families before we go back home.

II. Make sentence using the words in brackets.

Example:
The train is moving now. (they/ arrive/ in the village in two hours)
 They will have arrived in the village in two hours.

6. The students are going out from school. (Rina and Vida/ come/ home by the end of afternoon)
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. Panji has planned for his holiday. (He/ go/ to Bali by the end of this month)
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8. Intan is finishing her script. (She/ graduate/ from the university by the end of next month)
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
9. Westlife is creating a new song. (Westlife/ release/ their new song next month)
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
10. Frieda is on her way home. (She/ see/ the surprise for her this evening)
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Baca Juga:   Contoh Teks Eksposisi Persuasif Terbaru

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1. Will have visited
2. Will have tasted
3. Will have learned/ will have learnt
4. Will have put
5. Will have bought
II.
6. Rina and Vida will have come home by the end of afternoon.
7. He will have gone to Bali by the end of this month.
8. She will have graduated from the university by the end of next month.
9. Westlife will have released their new song next month.
10. She will have seen the surprise for her this evening.

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Future Perfect Tense. Semoga penjelasan tersebut dapat menambah pengetahuan Bahasa Inggris teman – teman. Terima kasih.

Baca Juga:

Future Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
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