Past Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Past Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Continuous Tense merupakan jenis tenses yang digunakan saat kita menyatakan sesuatu yang sedang terjadi, baik itu di masa kini, masa lalu, atau pun di masa depan. Sebelumnya kita telah membahas mengenai Continuous Tense yang terjadi di masa kini (Present Continuous Tense), kali ini kita akan membahas Continuous Tense yang terjadi di masa lalu. Berikut adalah penjelasan, contoh kalimat dan soal Past Continuous Tense.

Pengertian dan Fungsi Past Continous Tense

1) Past Continous Tense adalah tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aksi, pekerjaan, atau aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung pada saat tertentu di masa lampau (masa lalu).

Pola Kalimat:

(+) Subject + was/ were + Verb-ing
(-) Subject + was/ were + not + Verb-ing
(?) Was/ were + Subject + Verb-ing + ?

Contoh Kalimat:
(+) I was helping my mother cooking for dinner last night.
(Saya sedang membantu ibu saya memasak makan malam kemarin malam)
(-) He was not working in the office when I called him.
(Dia tidak sedang bekerja di kantor ketika saya menelponnya)
(?) Were Diah and John playing basketball at school field yesterday?
(Apakah Diah dan John sedang bermain basket di lapangan sekolah kemarin?)

2) Past Continous Tense dapat juga digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi atau kejadian yang dilakukan bersama – sama.

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Contoh Kalimat:
• Tina was playing badminton with her sister while I was cooking for lunch.
(Tina sedang bermain bulu tangkis bersama adikknya ketika saya sedang memasak untuk makan siang)
• The students were doing assignment while the teachers were discussing about an event in meeting room.
• (Para murid sedang mengerjakan tugas ketika para guru sedang berdikusi tentang sebuah acara di ruang rapat.)
• My little brother was building a sandcastle while my sister and I were swimming in the sea.
• (Adik kecil saya sedang membangun sebuah istana pasir ketika kakak saya dan saya sedang berenang di laut)

3) Past Continuous Tense dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi saat kejadian lain sedang berlangsung.

Contoh Kalimat:
• I was doing my homework when my mother came to my room and gave me a plate of cookies.
(Saya sedang mengerjakan PR ketika ibu saya datang ke kamar dan memberi saya sepiring kue)
• Tom burnt his hand when he was cooking the dinner.
(Tangan Tom terbakar ketika dia sedang memasak makan malam)
• I saw Jimmy in the park. He was sitting on the grass and was reading a book.
(Saya melihat Jimmy di taman. Dia sedang duduk di rerumputan dan mebaca sebuah buku)
• While I was working in the garden, I hurt my back.
(Ketika saya sedang berkebun, punggung saya terasa sakit)

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4) Akan tetapi untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi atau kejadian terjadi lebih dahulu dari aksi atau kejadian lain, kita menggunakan Past Tense.

Contoh Kalimat:
• Yesterday evening James was having a bath when the phone rang. He got out of the bath and answered the phone.
(Kemarin malam James sedang mandi ketika telepon berbunyi. Dia keluar dari kamar mandi dan menjawab teleponnya)
• When Dinda arrived, we had dinner.
(Ketika Dinda sampai, kita mengadakan makan malam)

Soal:

I. Change the verb in the brackets into the correct form of Past Continuous or Past Simple.

Example:
While Jane was cooking (cook) the lunch, the phone rang (ring).

1. John ……………….. (fall) off the ladder while he ……………….. (paint) the ceiling.
2. Anna ………………… (wait) for me when I ………………… (arrive).
3. Jimmy ……………….. (take) a photograph of me while I ………………… (not/ look).
4. I ……………….. (see) Diana at the birthday party. She ………………. (wear) a really beautiful dress.
5. We ……………….. (not/ go) out because it ………………… (rain).

II. Change the verbs in the bracket into the correct form of Past Simple or Past Continuous Tense. Then make sentences from the words in the bracket.

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Example:
(I/ fall/ asleep when I/ read/ a book)
– I fell asleep when I was reading a book.

6. (the phone/ ring/ when I/ have/ dinner)
– ………………………………………………………………………..
7. (it/ begin/ to rain when I/ walk/ to school)
– ………………………………………………………………………..
8. (we/ see/ an accident when we/ wait/ for the school bus)
– ………………………………………………………………………..
9. (we/ play/ bicycle when he/ fall/ from the mango tree)
– ………………………………………………………………………..
10. (I/ wash/ my car when he/ call/ me)
– ………………………………………………………………………..

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1. Fell, was painting
2. Was waiting, arrived
3. Took, was not looking
4. Saw, was wearing
5. Did not go, was raining
II.
6. The phone rang when I was having dinner.
7. It began to rain when I was walking to school.
8. We saw an accident when we were waiting for the school bus.
9. We were playing bicycle when he fell from the mango tree.
10. I was washing my car when he called me.

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Past Continuous Tense. Semoga penjelasan tersebut dapat dipahami dengan baik dan bermanfaat. Terima kasih.

 

Baca Juga:

 

Simple Past Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

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