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Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Dalam Present Tense, terdapat beberapa bagian Tenses yang lain, seperti Simple Present Tense, Present Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense, dan Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Jika sebelumnya kita sudah membahas tiga bagian dari Present Tense, kali ini kita akan belajar tentang Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Berikut adalah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Pengertian Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense adalah tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aksi, aktivitas, atau kejadian yang telah dikerjakan di masa lalu dan masih ada kemungkinan untuk dilanjutkan di masa kini (sekarang).

Pola Kalimat:

(+) Subject + have/ has + been + Verb-ing
(-) Subject + have/ has + not + been + Verb-ing
(?) Have/ has + Subject + been + Verb-ing + ?

Contoh Kalimat:

(+) I have been studying in this university since three years ago.
(Saya telah masih belajar di universitas ini sejak tiga tahun lalu)
(-) They have not been working in this office since last month.
(Mereka sudah tidak bekerja di kantor ini sejak bulan lalu)
(?) Has your uncle been teaching in this school since last year?
(Apakah pamanmu telah masih mengajar di sekolah ini sejak tahun lalu?)

Fungsi Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1) Kita menggunakan Present Perfect Continuous Tense untuk menyatakan sebuah aksi (jangka panjang) yang dimulai di masa lalu dan baru saja selesai.

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Contoh kalimat:
• You are out of breath. Have you been running?
(Napasmu terengah – engah. Apakah kamu baru saja berlari?)
• That man over there is bright red. I think he has been sunbathing.
(Pria yang berada di sana kulitnya terlihat merah. Saya pikir dia baru saja berjemur)
• Why are your clothes so dirty? What have you been doing?
(Kenapa pakaianmu sangat kotor? Apa yang telah kamu lakukan?)
• I have been talking to Jimmy about your problem and he said he will help you.
(Saya telah berbicara kepada Jimmy mengenai masalahmu dan dia bilang dia akan membantumu)

2) Kita juga menggunakan Present Perfect Continuous Tense untuk menanyakan atau menyatakan sberapa lama sesuatu telah terjadi. Kali ini kejadian atau situasi dimulai di masa lalu dan masih terjadi atau baru saja berhenti.

Contoh kalimat:
• How long have you been learning English?
(Berapa lama kamu telah belajar Bahasa Inggris?)
• They have been waiting here for over an hour.
(Mereka telah menunggu di sini lebih dari satu jam)
• I have been watching television since 2 o’clock.
(Saya telah menonton televisi sejak jam 2 tepat)
• Zayn has not been feeling very well recently.
(Zayn telah merasa tidak baik akhir-akhir ini)
• Have you been working hard today?
(Apakah kamu telah bekerja keras hari ini?)

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3) Selain itu, kita juga dapat menggunakan Present Perfect Continuous Tense (dengan kata ‘how long’, ‘for’, dan ‘since’) untuk aksi atau aktivitas yang telah diulang-ulang.

Contoh kalimat:
• She has been playing tennis since she was eight.
(Dia telah bermain tennis sejak dia berumur delapan tahun)
• How long have you been smoking?
(Berapa lama kamu telah merokok?)
• They have not been visiting me since last Monday yet.
(Mereka belum mengunjungi saya sejak Senin yang lalu)

Soal:

I. Read the situation and then write a sentence with the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Example:
Jimmy is out of breath. (he/ run)
– He has been running.

1. Winda is very tired. (she/ work/ hard)
– …………………………………………………………….
2. Bobby has a black eye and Dimas has a cut lip. (Bobby and Dimas/ fight)
– ……………………………………………………………..
3. Chintia has just come back from the beach. She is very tired. (she/ lie/ in the sun)
– ………………………………………………………………
4. John is hot and tired. (he/ play/ tennis)
– ……………………………………………………………….
5. The little boy’s eyes are red and watery. (he/ cry)
– ……………………………………………………………….

II. Say how long something has been happening by a making sentence.

Example:
It is raining now. It began raining two hours ago.
– It has been raining for two hours.

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6. Kevin is studying. He began studying one hour ago.
– He ……………………………………….. for one hour.
7. I am learning French. I started learning French in November.
– I …………………………………………… since November.
8. Anna is looking for a job. She began looking two months ago.
– ……………………………………………… for two months.
9. Mary is working in London. She started working there on 18 February.
– ……………………………………………… since 18 February.
10. Phillip smokes. He started smoking three years ago.
– ………………………………………………. for three years.

 

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1. She has been working hard.
2. Bobby and Dimas have been fighting.
3. She has been lying in the sun.
4. He has been playing tennis.
5. He has been crying.
II.
6. He has been studying for one hour.
7. I have been learning French since November.
8. She has been looking for a job for two months.
9. She has been working since 18 February.
10. He has been smoking for three years.

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Semoga penjelasan di atas dapat dipahami dengan baik dan bermanfaat. Terima kasih.

Baca Juga:

Present Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Simple Present Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

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