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Present Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Present Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Tense is any of the forms of a verb which show the time at which an action happened. Tense adalah bentuk sebuah kata kerja yang menunjukkan waktu terjadinya suatu peristiwa/ aksi. Jika sebelumnya kita sudah belajar tentang Simple Present Tense, kali ini kita akan belajar mengenai jenis Present Tense yang lain, yaitu Present Continuous Tense. Berikut adalah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Present Continuous Tense.

Pengertian dan Fungsi Present Continous Tense

1) Present Continous Tense adalah tense untuk menyatakan aksi atau aktivitas yang kita lakukan di saat ini (masa sekarang).

Pola Kalimat:

(+) Subject + am/ is/ are + Verb-ing
(-) Subject + am/ is/ are + not + Verb-ing
(?) Am/ is/ are + Subject + Verb-ing + ?

Contoh Kalimat:

(+) I am writing some letters for my parents and my sister now.
(Saya sedang menulis beberapa surat untuk orang tua saya dan adik saya sekarang)
(-) That lion is sleeping near the big tree.
(Singa itu sedang tidur dekat dengan pohon besar tersebut)
(?) Are you ordering some foods for our dinner?
(Apakah kamu sedang memesan beberapa makanan untuk makan malam kita?)

2) Present Continuous Tense ini juga dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan aksi atau aktivitas yang pasti akan dikerjakan di masa yang akan datang (masa depan).

Contoh Kalimat:
• They are visiting a new museum in the city tomorrow morning.
(Mereka akan mengunjungi sebuah museum baru di kota esok pagi)
• The students are submitting the assignments on Monday.
(Para siswa akan mengumpulkan tugas – tugas pada hari Senin)
• Hanna is washing her car after school today.
(Hanna akan mencuci mobilnya setelah pulang sekolah hari ini)

Baca Juga:   Definisi Wujud Zat & Berbagai Perubahan Wujudnya

3) Selain itu, Present Continous Tense berfungsi untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan ‘masa kini’ atau ‘sekarang’, contohnya: tahun ini (this year), hari ini (today), minggu ini (this week).

Contoh Kalimat:
• Brandon is not playing basketball this season. He wants to finish his studies first.
(Brandon sedang tidak bermain basket musim ini. Dia ingin menyelesaikan seolahnya dulu)
• My parents are working so hard this week.
(Orang tua saya bekerja dengan sangat keras minggu ini)
• Panji is planning his new project today.
(Panji sedang merencanaan proyek barunya hari ini)

4) Selain fungsi di atas, Present Continous Tense juga dapat digunakan ketika membicarakan hal mengenai perubahan situasi.

Contoh Kalimat:
• The temperature in these days is increasing very fast.
(Suhu udara akhir – akhir ini sedang meningkat dengan sangat cepat)
• The population in that province is decreasing.
(Populasi penduduk di provinsi itu sedang menurun)
• The total of job applicants is rising very fast this month.
(Total pelamar kerja sedang meningkat dengan sangat cepat bulan ini)

Soal:

Baca Juga:   Contoh Paragraf Induktif Tentang Lingkungan

I. Put the verb in the brackets into the correct form.

Example:
• Please do not disturb me. I am working (work) now.
• Do you want to play outside? It is not raining (not/ rain) anymore.
• She looks very serious. What is she talking (she/ talk) about?

1. Please don’t be so noisy! I …………………………. (try) to focus on my study for Math test.
2. Hey look! It ………………………….. (rain) outside!
3. Why ……………………………. (you/ look) at her like that? Do you know her?
4. What kind of music …………………………….. (you/ listen) to? Pop or Rock?
5. Excuse me, I ………………………….. (look) for my red book. Is there one here?
6. (In the library) What book ………………………….. (you/ read)? The book cover looks interesting.
7. Those people next door ………………………….. (play) the music too loud. I can’t sleep well.
8. Why …………………………. (he/ wear) a jacket? The weather today is very hot.
9. They ……………………………. (not/ go) to school today. They are on holiday.
10. You ……………………………. (make) a lot of noise. Try to be quiet. We ………………………… (have) an English exam.

II. Read this dialogue between Diana and Sherly. Put each verb into the correct form. The first one has been done for you.

Baca Juga:   Pengertian dan 54 Contoh Majas Asonasi

(Diana and Sherly meet in a bookshop)
Diana : Hi, Sherly! Nice to see you again. What (11) are you doing (you/ do) these days?
Sherly : Hey, Diana! I (12) …………………………. (work) here.
Diana : That is good. (13) …………………………. (you/ enjoy) it?
Sherly : Yes, sure! It is very nice to work here. How about you?
Diana : I (14) ……………………… (not/ work) at the moment. I am on vacation.
Sherly : Really? Enjoy it! What book (15) …………………….. (you/ buy) ? Fiction?
Diana : No, I (16) ……………………… (not/ buy) fiction book. This is recipe book.
Sherly : Do you learn to cook?
Diana : Yes, I do.
Sherly : That’s great!

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1. Am trying
2. Is raining
3. Are you looking
4. Are you listening
5. Am looking
6. Are you reading
7. Are playing
8. Is he wearing
9. Are not going
10. Are making, are having
II.
11. Are you doing
12. Am working
13. Are you enjoying
14. Am not working
15. Are you buying
16. Am not buying

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Present Continuous Tense. Semoga penjelasan tersebut dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan Bahasa Inggris teman – teman. Semoga bermanfaat!

Baca Juga:

Simple Present Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Contoh Soal Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris SMA
Contoh Soal Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12 SMA Semester 2

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