Simple Past Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Simple Past Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Tenses merupakan aturan kata kerja dalam Bahasa Inggris yang digunakan menurut waktu terjadinya suatu aksi atau aktivitas. Tenses menurut waktunya dapat dibagi menjadi empat jenis (Present, Past, Future, dan Past Future) dimana setiap jenis tersebut memiliki empat jenis lagi, sehingga jumlah tenses seluruhnya ada 16 jenis. Berikut akan kita pelajari mengenai Simple Past Tense beserta soalnya.

 

Pengertian Simple Past Tense

 

Simple Past Tense adalah tense yang berfungsi untuk menyatakan suatu aksi atau kejadian yang terjadi di masa lalu (lampau).

 

Pola Kalimat:

 

(+) Subject + Verb 2 + Object
(-)  Subject + did + not + Verb Infinitive (Verb 1)
(?) Did + Subject + Verb Infinitive (Verb 1)

 

Contoh Kalimat:

(+) My sister bought me a school bag yesterday.

(Adik saya membelikan saya sebuah tas sekolah kemarin)

(-) They did not come to my birthday party last night.

(Mereka tidak datang ke pesta ulang tahun saya kemarin malam)

(?) Did you study Math for four hours two days ago?

(Apakah kamu belajar Matematika selama empat jam dua hari yang lalu?)

 

Simple Past Tense biasanya diakhiri dengan kata kerja berakhiran –ed.

 

Contoh Kalimat:

  • We invited them to our party but they decided not to come.

(Kami mengundang mereka tetapi mereka memutuskan untuk tidak datang)

  • The police stopped me on my way home last night.

(Polisi menghentikan saya saat jalan pulang kemarin malam)

  • She passed her examination because she studied very hard.

(Dia lulus ujian karena dia belajar sangat keras)

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Namun terkadang ada juga kata kerja (verb) yang tidak diakhiri dengan –ed dan memiliki bentuk tidak tetap (irregular).

 

Contoh Kalimat:

  • Leave à left : We all left the party at 11 o’clock.

(Kami semua menginggalkan pesta pada jam 11 tepat)

  • Go à went : Yesterday I went to London to see a friend of mine.

(Kemarin saya pergi ke London untuk menemui teman saya)

  • Cost à cost : This house cost Rp 35,000,000.00 in 1990.

(Rumah ini seharga Rp 35,000,000.00 pada tahun 1990)

 

Bentuk Past dari kata kerja (verb) be (is/ am/ are) adalah (was/ were)

 

Present Tense Past Tense
Subject Be Subject Be
I Am I Was
You Are You Were
They Are They Were
We Are We Were
She Is She Was
He Is He Was
It Is It Was

 

Contoh Kalimat:

  • I was angry because Tommy and Anna were late.

(Saya marah karena Tommy dan Anna terlambat)

  • They were very happy on their wedding day.

(Mereka sangat bahagia di hari pernihakan mereka)

  • He was upset because I broke his bicycle.

(Dia kesal karena saya merusakkan sepedanya)

  • We were not sad anymore.

(Kita tidak bersedih lagi)

  • She was not very happy with the score of her exam.

(Dia tidak begitu senang dengan nilai ujiannya)

  • Were you at home yesterday morning?

(Apakah kamu berada di rumah kemarin pagi?)

  • Was Tommy at work last week?

(Apakah Tommy berada di tempat kerja minggu kemarin?)

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Soal:

 

  1. Change the sentences into Simple Past Tense. Look at the example given.

 

Example:

Jimmy usually gets up at 5:30 in the morning.

Yesterday he got up at 5:30 in the morning.

 

  1. Jimmy usually wakes up very early.

Yesterday morning ………………………………………………………………

  1. Jimmy usually go to work by car.

Yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………

  1. Jimmy is usually never late for work.

Yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………

  1. Jimmy usually has Nasi Padang for his lunch.

Yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………

  1. Jimmy usually walks at the park in the evening.

Yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………

  1. Jimmy usually sleeps at 10 o’clock at night.

Last night …………………………………………………………………………….

 

  1. Write the verb in the brackets in the correct Past form.

 

Example:

I was (be) very happy because my mother gave (give) me a new dress.

They did not go (not/ go) to school yesterday because there was (be) a storm.

 

  1. James ………………………. (not/ sleep) well last night because he still …………………………. (have) many works to finish.
  2. We …………………………. (not/ be) hungry, so we ………………………….. (not/ eat) anything.
  3. I …………………………. (not/ take) the bus to school because I ………………………… (forget) to bring my money.
  4. She ………………………… (buy) many novels and encyclopedias yesterday because she ……………………… (want) to give it to school library.
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III. Make questions from the sentences below.

 

Example:

I slept very well last night. à Did you sleep well last night?

 

  1. I ate a pancake for breakfast. à …………………………………………………….
  2. He went to school by bus yesterday. à …………………………………………………….
  3. They watched a movie in cinema. à …………………………………………………….
  4. The cat was so dirty yesterday. à …………………………………………………….
  5. We borrowed some books last Monday à …………………………………………………….

 

Kunci Jawaban:

 

I.

  1. He woke up very early.
  2. He went to work by car.
  3. He was never late for work.
  4. He had Nasi Padang for his lunch.
  5. He walked at the park in the evening.
  6. He slept at 10 o’clock.

II.

  1. Did not sleep, had
  2. Were not, did not eat
  3. Did not take, forgot
  4. Bought, wanted

III.

  1. Did you eat a pancake for breakfast?
  2. Did you go to school by bus yesterday?
  3. Did you watch a movie in cinema?
  4. Was the cat so dirty yesterday?
  5. Did you borrow some books last Monday?

 

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Simple Past Tense. Semoga penjelasan tersebut bermanfaat dan dapat dipahami dengan baik. Terima kasih.

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

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