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Past Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

Past Perfect Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal – Perfect Tense merupakan jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang baru diselesaikan di masa kini, di saat tertentu pada masa lalu, atau di saat tertentu di masa depan. Sebelumnya kita telah membahas mengenai Perfect Tense di masa kini, sekarang kita akan membahas tentang Perfect Tense di masa lalu. Berikut adalah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Past Perfect Tense.

Pengertian dan Fungsi Past Perfect Tense

1) Past Perfect Tense adalah tense untuk menyatakan suatu aksi atau kejadian yang sudah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah atau baru selesai dikerjakan di waktu tertentu pada masa lalu.

Pola Kalimat:

(+) Subject + Had + Verb 3
(-)Subject + Had + not + Verb 3
(?)Had + Subject + Verb 3 + ?

Contoh Kalimat:

(+) They had finished their school project earlier.
(Mereka telah menyelesaikan proyek sekolah mereka lebih awal)
(-) His friend had not showed me his new collection of famous novels yet.
(Temannya belum menunjukkan kepada saya koleksi baru dari novel terkenalnya)
(?) Had your uncle come back to Indonesia and visited you?
(Apakah pamanmu telah kembali ke Indonesia dan mengunjungimu?)

2) Past Perfect Tense juga dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi atau kejadian terjadi lebih dahulu dibandingkan pekerjaan atau kejadian yang lainnya.

Contoh Kalimat:

• When I arrived at the birthday party, Aiden had already gone home.
(Ketika saya sampai di pesta ulang tahun, Aiden telah pulang ke rumah)
• When my sister got home, she found that someone had broken into her house and had stolen her laptop.
(Ketika kakak saya pulang ke rumah, dia menemukan bahwa seseorang telah masuk ke rumahnya tanpa izin dan mencuri laptopnya)
• It was Dina’s first time in an airplane. She was very nervous because she hadn’t flown before.
(Ini adalah pertama kalinya Dina naik pesawat. Dia sangat gugup karena dia belum pernah terbang sebelumnya)
• George did not want to come to the cinema with us because he had already seen the film twice.
(George tidak mau pergi ke bioskop dengan kami karena dia telah melihat film tersebut dua kali)

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Jika kalian masih bingung antara Simple Past Tense dan Past Perfect Tense, perhatikan tabel berikut:

Simple Past Tense Arti Past Perfect Tense Arti
Dina: Was Fiona there when you arrived?
Vira: Yes, but she went home soon afterwards. Dina: Apakah Fiona di sana ketika kamu sampai?
Vira: Iya, tapi dia segera pulang. Dina: Was Fiona there when you arrived?
Vira: No, she had already gone home. Dina: Apakah Fiona di sana ketika kamu sampai?
Vira: Tidak, dia sudah pulang ke rumahnya.
Dhoni was not in when I phoned him. He was in Bandung. Dhoni tidak ada ketika saya menelponnya. Dia sedang berada di Bandung. Dhoni had just got home when I phone her. He had been in Bandung. Dhoni sudah pulang ke rumah ketika saya menelponnya. Dia berada di Bandung tetapi sudah kembali.

Soal:

I. Suppose you went back to your hometown after many years and many things were different. Change the word in brackets into Past Perfect.

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Example:
Most of my friends were no longer there. They had left (leave).

1. My best friend, Julio, was no longer here. He …………………. (go) away.
2. Mr. Johnson was no longer alive. He ……………………… (pass) away.
3. The local cinema was no longer open. It …………………….. (close) down.
4. I did not recognize Mrs. Johnson. She ……………………… (change) a lot.
5. Billy no longer had his car. He ……………………… (sell) it.

II. Put the verb into the correct form of Past Perfect or Past Simple.

Example:
“Was Fiona there when you arrived?”“No, she had gone (go) home.”
“Was Fiona there when you arrived?” “Yes, but she went (go) home soon afterwards.”

6. The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody …………………… (go) home.
7. Sorry I am late. The car …………………. (break) down on my way here.
8. My brother felt very tired after playing basketball, so he …………………… (go) straight to bed.
9. There was a truck by the side of the road. It …………………… (break) down and the driver was trying to repair it. So we ………………… (stop) to see if we could help him.
10. When I came to the school, my friends were not there. They ……………………. (go) home.

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III. Make sentences using the words in brackets.

11. We arrived at the cinema late. (the film/ already/ begin)
– ……………………………………………………………………………….
12. I invited Anna to dinner last night but she could not come. (she/ already/ arrange/ to do something else)
– ……………………………………………………………………………….
13. Tommy was not at home when I arrived. (he/ just/ go/ out)
-………………………………………………………………………………..
14. They were not eating when I went to see them. (they/ just/ finish/ their dinner)
– ……………………………………………………………………………….
15. I was very pleased to see Dora again after such a long time. (I/ not/ see/ her for five years)
– ……………………………………………………………………………….

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1. Had gone
2. Had passed
3. Had closed
4. Had changed
5. Had sold
II.
6. Had gone
7. Broke
8. Went
9. Had broken, stopped
10. Had gone
III.
11. The film had already begun.
12. She had already arranged to do something else.
13. He had just gone out.
14. They had just finished their dinner.
15. I had not see her for five years.

Demikianlah penjelasan, contoh kalimat, dan soal Past Perfect Tense. Semoga penjelasan tersebut dapat bermanfaat bagi teman – teman semua. Terima kasih.

Baca Juga:

Past Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Simple Past Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal
Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat, Soal

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