Pengertian dan Detail Penjelasan Adjective Clauses with Who, Which, and That

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Pada artikel sebelumnya teman – teman telah belajar tentang anak kalimat (dependent clause) yang diawali dengan kata because, since, after, if, dan before. Anak kalimat tersebut merupakan klausa yang disebut dengan adverb clause karena fungsinya sebagai kata keterangan yang menerangkan anak kalimat tersebut. Namun, pada artikel kali ini kita akan belajar tentang jenis klausa lain. Berikut ini adalah pengertian dan detail penjelasan adjective clauses with who, which, and that.

adjective-clauses-with-who-which-and-that


A. Pengertian Adjective Clause

Adjective clause is a clause that begins with words, such as who, which, and that. This type of clause acts like adjectives and gives more information about nouns.

Adjective clause adalah sebuah klausa yang dimulai dengan kata who, which, dan that. Jenis klausa ini berfungsi seperti adjective dan memberikan informasi lebih tentang kata benda.

B. Contoh Adjective Clause

Dalam contoh berikut ini, kata yang merupakan adjective clause digarisbawah dengan garis putus – putus. Kata yang dilingkari (berupa kata who / which / that) adalah awalan dari adjective clause dan huruf N (Noun) merujuk kata benda yang dijelaskan oleh adjective clause. Perhatikanlah bahwa adjective clause terletak setelah kata benda.

Contoh 1:

     N

Students who wear uniforms behave better.

(Para siswa yang mengenakan seragam berperilaku lebih baik)

Contoh 2:

       N

Long Beach, California, which was one of the first cities in the United States to require uniforms in elementary and middle school, reported increased attendance and decreased bad behavior.

Contoh 3:

     N

There will be no economic and social differences at schools that require uniforms.

(Tidak akan ada perbedaan ekonomi dan sosial di sekolah yang  mewajibkan memakai seragam)

C. Rules about Adjective Clauses

Terdapat beberapa hal yang teman – teman harus ketahui tentang adjective clause yaitu sebagai berikut:

  1. Adjective clauses dimulai dengan kata who, which, dan that (dan juga kata lainnya).

Who digunakan untuk menjelaskan orang (people).

Which digunakan untuk menjelaskan benda (things).

That digunakan untuk menjelaskan benda (dan orang dalam bahasa Inggris tidak resmi / informal English)

  • Adjective clause selalu mengikuti kata benda yang berfungsi memberikan informasi lebih tentang kata benda tersebut.
  • Tanda koma terkadang digunakan dengan adjective clause.

D. Contoh Soal tentang Adjective Clause

I. Underline the adjective clause with a broken line. Circle the word who, which, and that. Write N above the word(s) that the adjective clause gives more information about.

                        N

  1. Gregory Kingsley, who is twelve years old, wants to divorce his mother.
  2. The Russes, who are the little boy’s foster parents, wanted to adopt him.
  3. His mother, who neglected him and his brothers, wants to keep him.
  4. A box that contained noodles was in the living room.
  5. Foster parents are people who take care of abused or neglected children.
  6. The boys’ father, who did not live with their mother, did not want the children to live with him.
  7. Mrs. Young ate Lasagna last night, which tasted very good.
  8. The lawyer who represented Mrs. Kim was a woman.
  9. This case, which was the first child-parent divorce in the United States, received a lot of attention.
  10. The judge finally made a decision that most people agree with.

II. Write who or which in the space in eacb sentence. (Do not use that in this task).

  1. In arranged marriages, which are common in many countries, someone else chooses your marriage partner.
  2. Sometimes the parents hire a matchmaker, _____________ charges a fee to find a suitable person.
  3. Sometimes the parents, _____________ know their child better than anyone, choose.
  4. The two young people are probably very nervous at their first meeting, _____________ usually takes place in the bride’s home.
  5. In some cultures, a young man or woman _____________ doesn’t like the parents or matchmaker’s choice may say “no”.
  6. Marrying for love, _____________ is the custom in most Western cultures, does not guarantee happiness.
  7. The divorce rate among couples ______________ marry for love is very high.
  8. Some couples ______________ only listened to their hearts sometimes wish they had listened to their heads instead.

Kunci Jawaban:

I.

                        N

  1. Gregory Kingsley, who is twelve years old, wants to divorce his mother.

     N

  • The Russes, who are the little boy’s foster parents, wanted to adopt him.

        N

  • His mother, who neglected him and his brothers, wants to keep him.

    N

  • A box that contained noodles was in the living room.

         N

  • Foster parents are people who take care of abused or neglected children.

N

  • The boys’ father, who did not live with their mother, did not want the children to live with him.

       N

  • Mrs. Young ate Lasagna last night, which tasted very good.

        N

  • The lawyer who represented Mrs. Kim was a woman.

      N

  • This case, which was the first child-parent divorce in the United States, received a lot of attention.

N

  1. The judge finally made a decision that most people agree with.

II.

  1. Which
  2. Who
  3. Who
  4. Which
  5. Who
  6. Which
  7. Who
  8. Who

 

Demikianlah pengertian dan detail penjelasan adjective clauses with who, which, and that. Detail penjelasan tersebut diharapkan dapat membantu teman – teman memahami bahasa Inggris lebih dalam lagi. Semoga bermanfaat!

 

Lihat Juga :

 

 

Referensi :

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  10. https://vncallcenter.com/
  11. https://www.chip.co.id/
  12. https://www.suratkabar.id/
  13. https://rollingstone.co.id/
  14. https://officialjimbreuer.com/
  15. https://www.i4startup.id/
  16. https://kebangkitan-nasional.or.id/